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Networking client functionality as provided by libcurl. The libcurl library must be installed on the system in order to use this module.


You may need to link with the curl library, e.g. by adding "libs": ["curl"] to your dub.json file if you are using DUB.

Windows x86 note: A DMD compatible libcurl static library can be downloaded from the download archive page.

This module is not available for iOS, tvOS or watchOS.

Compared to using libcurl directly, this module allows simpler client code for common uses, requires no unsafe operations, and integrates better with the rest of the language. Furthermore it provides range access to protocols supported by libcurl both synchronously and asynchronously.

A high level and a low level API are available. The high level API is built entirely on top of the low level one.

The high level API is for commonly used functionality such as HTTP/FTP get. The byLineAsync and byChunkAsync functions asynchronously perform the request given, outputting the fetched content into a range.

The low level API allows for streaming, setting request headers and cookies, and other advanced features.

Cheat Sheet
Function Name Description
    High level
download download("", "/tmp/downloaded-ftp-file") downloads file from URL to file system.
upload upload("/tmp/downloaded-ftp-file", ""); uploads file from file system to URL.
get get("") returns a char[] containing the web page.
put put("", "Hi") returns a char[] containing the web page. after a HTTP PUT of "hi"
post post("", "Hi") returns a char[] containing the web page. after a HTTP POST of "hi"
byLine byLine("") returns a range of char[] containing the web page.
byChunk byChunk("", 10) returns a range of ubyte[10] containing the web page.
byLineAsync byLineAsync("") asynchronously returns a range of char[] containing the web page.
byChunkAsync byChunkAsync("", 10) asynchronously returns a range of ubyte[10] containing the web page.
    Low level
HTTP Struct for advanced HTTP usage
FTP Struct for advanced FTP usage
SMTP Struct for advanced SMTP usage


import, std.stdio;

// Return a char[] containing the content specified by a URL
auto content = get("");

// Post data and return a char[] containing the content specified by a URL
auto content = post("", ["name1" : "value1", "name2" : "value2"]);

// Get content of file from ftp server
auto content = get("");

// Post and print out content line by line. The request is done in another thread.
foreach (line; byLineAsync("", "Post data"))

// Get using a line range and proxy settings
auto client = HTTP();
client.proxy = "";
foreach (line; byLine("", client))

For more control than the high level functions provide, use the low level API:


import, std.stdio;

// GET with custom data receivers
auto http = HTTP("");
http.onReceiveHeader =
    (in char[] key, in char[] value) { writeln(key, ": ", value); };
http.onReceive = (ubyte[] data) { /+ drop +/ return data.length; };

First, an instance of the reference-counted HTTP struct is created. Then the custom delegates are set. These will be called whenever the HTTP instance receives a header and a data buffer, respectively. In this simple example, the headers are written to stdout and the data is ignored. If the request is stopped before it has finished then return something less than data.length from the onReceive callback. See onReceiveHeader/onReceive for more information. Finally, the HTTP request is performed by calling perform(), which is synchronous.


The functionality is based on libcurl. libcurl is licensed under an MIT/X derivative license.


byChunk(url, chunkSize, conn) HTTP/FTP fetch content as a range of chunks.
byChunkAsync(url, postData, chunkSize, transmitBuffers, conn) HTTP/FTP fetch content as a range of chunks asynchronously.
byLine(url, keepTerminator, terminator, conn) HTTP/FTP fetch content as a range of lines.
byLineAsync(url, postData, keepTerminator, terminator, transmitBuffers, conn) HTTP/FTP fetch content as a range of lines asynchronously.
connect(url, conn) HTTP connect request.
del(url, conn) HTTP/FTP delete content.
download(url, saveToPath, conn) HTTP/FTP download to local file system.
get(url, conn) HTTP/FTP get content.
options(url, conn) HTTP options request.
patch(url, patchData, conn) HTTP patch content.
post(url, postData, conn) HTTP post content.
put(url, putData, conn) HTTP/FTP put content.
trace(url, conn) HTTP trace request.
upload(loadFromPath, url, conn) Upload file from local files system using the HTTP or FTP protocol.


CurlException Exception thrown on errors in functions.
CurlTimeoutException Exception thrown on timeout errors in functions.
HTTPStatusException Exception thrown on HTTP request failures, e.g. 404 Not Found.


Curl Wrapper to provide a better interface to libcurl than using the plain C API. It is recommended to use the HTTP/FTP etc. structs instead unless raw access to libcurl is needed.
FTP FTP client functionality.
HTTP HTTP client functionality.
SMTP Basic SMTP protocol support.


CurlCode int Equal to CURLcode
ThrowOnError Flag!("throwOnError") Flag to specify whether or not an exception is thrown on error.


Jonas Drewsen. Some of the SMTP code contributed by Jimmy Cao.


Boost License 1.0.