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Struct std.experimental.allocator.building_blocks.region.Region

A Region allocator allocates memory straight from one contiguous chunk. There is no deallocation, and once the region is full, allocation requests return null. Therefore, Regions are often used (a) in conjunction with more sophisticated allocators; or (b) for batch-style very fast allocations that deallocate everything at once.

struct Region(ParentAllocator, uint minAlign = platformAlignment, Flag!("growDownwards") growDownwards = No.growDownwards) ;

The region only stores three pointers, corresponding to the current position in the store and the limits. One allocation entails rounding up the allocation size for alignment purposes, bumping the current pointer, and comparing it against the limit.

Region deallocates the chunk of memory during destruction.

The minAlign parameter establishes alignment. If minAlign > 1, the sizes of all allocation requests are rounded up to a multiple of minAlign. Applications aiming at maximum speed may want to choose minAlign = 1 and control alignment externally.


this (store) Constructs a region backed by a user-provided store. Assumes the memory was allocated with ParentAllocator.


parent ParentAllocatorThe parent allocator. Depending on whether ParentAllocator holds state or not, this is a member variable or an alias for ParentAllocator.instance.


alignedAllocate (n, a) Allocates n bytes of memory aligned at alignment a.
allocate (n) Allocates n bytes of memory. The shortest path involves an alignment adjustment (if alignment > 1), an increment, and a comparison.
allocateAll () Allocates and returns all memory available to this region.
available () Nonstandard property that returns bytes available for allocation.
deallocate (b) Deallocates b. This works only if b was obtained as the last call to allocate; otherwise (i.e. another allocation has occurred since) it does nothing.
deallocateAll () Deallocates all memory allocated by this region, which can be subsequently reused for new allocations.
empty () Returns Ternary.yes if no memory has been allocated in this region, otherwise. (Never returns Ternary.unknown.)
expand (b, delta) Expands an allocated block in place. Expansion will succeed only if the block is the last allocated. Defined only if growDownwards is No.growDownwards.
goodAllocSize (n) Rounds the given size to a multiple of the alignment
owns (b) Queries whether b has been allocated with this region.


alignment Alignment offered.


import std.algorithm.comparison : max;
import std.experimental.allocator.building_blocks.allocator_list
    : AllocatorList;
import std.experimental.allocator.mallocator : Mallocator;
import std.typecons : Ternary;
// Create a scalable list of regions. Each gets at least 1MB at a time by
// using malloc.
auto batchAllocator = AllocatorList!(
    (size_t n) => Region!Mallocator(max(n, 1024 * 1024))
writeln(batchAllocator.empty); // Ternary.yes
auto b = batchAllocator.allocate(101);
writeln(b.length); // 101
writeln(batchAllocator.empty); //
// This will cause a second allocation
b = batchAllocator.allocate(2 * 1024 * 1024);
writeln(b.length); // 2 * 1024 * 1024
// Destructor will free the memory