Report a bug
If you spot a problem with this page, click here to create a Bugzilla issue.
Improve this page
Quickly fork, edit online, and submit a pull request for this page. Requires a signed-in GitHub account. This works well for small changes. If you'd like to make larger changes you may want to consider using a local clone.

std.digest.sha

Computes SHA1 and SHA2 hashes of arbitrary data. SHA hashes are 20 to 64 byte quantities (depending on the SHA algorithm) that are like a checksum or CRC, but are more robust.
Category Functions
Template API SHA1 
OOP API SHA1Digest 
Helpers sha1Of 
SHA2 comes in several different versions, all supported by this module: SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, SHA-512, SHA-512/224 and SHA-512/256.
This module conforms to the APIs defined in std.digest.digest. To understand the differences between the template and the OOP API, see std.digest.digest.
This module publicly imports std.digest.digest and can be used as a stand-alone module.

CTFE: Digests do not work in CTFE

Authors:
The routines and algorithms are derived from the Secure Hash Signature Standard (SHS) (FIPS PUB 180-2).
Kai Nacke, Johannes Pfau, Nick Sabalausky
Examples:
//Template API
import std.digest.sha;

ubyte[20] hash1 = sha1Of("abc");
writeln(toHexString(hash1)); // "A9993E364706816ABA3E25717850C26C9CD0D89D"

ubyte[28] hash224 = sha224Of("abc");
writeln(toHexString(hash224)); // "23097D223405D8228642A477BDA255B32AADBCE4BDA0B3F7E36C9DA7"

//Feeding data
ubyte[1024] data;
SHA1 sha1;
sha1.start();
sha1.put(data[]);
sha1.start(); //Start again
sha1.put(data[]);
hash1 = sha1.finish();
Examples:
//OOP API
import std.digest.sha;

auto sha1 = new SHA1Digest();
ubyte[] hash1 = sha1.digest("abc");
writeln(toHexString(hash1)); // "A9993E364706816ABA3E25717850C26C9CD0D89D"

auto sha224 = new SHA224Digest();
ubyte[] hash224 = sha224.digest("abc");
writeln(toHexString(hash224)); // "23097D223405D8228642A477BDA255B32AADBCE4BDA0B3F7E36C9DA7"

//Feeding data
ubyte[1024] data;
sha1.put(data[]);
sha1.reset(); //Start again
sha1.put(data[]);
hash1 = sha1.finish();
struct SHA(uint hashBlockSize, uint digestSize);
Template API SHA1/SHA2 implementation. Supports: SHA-1, SHA-224, SHA-256, SHA-384, SHA-512, SHA-512/224 and SHA-512/256.
The hashBlockSize and digestSize are in bits. However, it's likely easier to simply use the convenience aliases: SHA1, SHA224, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512, SHA512_224 and SHA512_256.
See std.digest.digest for differences between template and OOP API.
pure nothrow @nogc @safe void start();
SHA initialization. Begins an SHA1/SHA2 operation.

Note: For this SHA Digest implementation calling start after default construction is not necessary. Calling start is only necessary to reset the Digest.

Generic code which deals with different Digest types should always call start though.

Example:

SHA1 digest;
//digest.start(); //Not necessary
digest.put(0);

pure nothrow @nogc @trusted void put(scope const(ubyte)[] input...);
Use this to feed the digest with data. Also implements the std.range.primitives.isOutputRange interface for ubyte and const(ubyte)[].
pure nothrow @nogc @trusted ubyte[digestSize / 8] finish();
Returns the finished SHA hash. This also calls start to reset the internal state.
Examples:
//Simple example
SHA1 hash;
hash.start();
hash.put(cast(ubyte)0);
ubyte[20] result = hash.finish();
alias SHA1 = SHA!(512u, 160u).SHA;
SHA alias for SHA-1, hash is ubyte[20]
alias SHA224 = SHA!(512u, 224u).SHA;
SHA alias for SHA-224, hash is ubyte[28]
alias SHA256 = SHA!(512u, 256u).SHA;
SHA alias for SHA-256, hash is ubyte[32]
alias SHA384 = SHA!(1024u, 384u).SHA;
SHA alias for SHA-384, hash is ubyte[48]
alias SHA512 = SHA!(1024u, 512u).SHA;
SHA alias for SHA-512, hash is ubyte[64]
alias SHA512_224 = SHA!(1024u, 224u).SHA;
SHA alias for SHA-512/224, hash is ubyte[28]
alias SHA512_256 = SHA!(1024u, 256u).SHA;
SHA alias for SHA-512/256, hash is ubyte[32]
Examples:
//Simple example, hashing a string using sha1Of helper function
ubyte[20] hash = sha1Of("abc");
//Let's get a hash string
writeln(toHexString(hash)); // "A9993E364706816ABA3E25717850C26C9CD0D89D"

//The same, but using SHA-224
ubyte[28] hash224 = sha224Of("abc");
writeln(toHexString(hash224)); // "23097D223405D8228642A477BDA255B32AADBCE4BDA0B3F7E36C9DA7"
Examples:
//Using the basic API
SHA1 hash;
hash.start();
ubyte[1024] data;
//Initialize data here...
hash.put(data);
ubyte[20] result = hash.finish();
Examples:
//Let's use the template features:
//Note: When passing a SHA1 to a function, it must be passed by reference!
void doSomething(T)(ref T hash) if (isDigest!T)
{
  hash.put(cast(ubyte)0);
}
SHA1 sha;
sha.start();
doSomething(sha);
writeln(toHexString(sha.finish())); // "5BA93C9DB0CFF93F52B521D7420E43F6EDA2784F"
auto sha1Of(T...)(T data);

auto sha224Of(T...)(T data);

auto sha256Of(T...)(T data);

auto sha384Of(T...)(T data);

auto sha512Of(T...)(T data);

auto sha512_224Of(T...)(T data);

auto sha512_256Of(T...)(T data);
These are convenience aliases for std.digest.digest.digest using the SHA implementation.
Examples:
ubyte[20] hash = sha1Of("abc");
writeln(hash); // digest!SHA1("abc")

ubyte[28] hash224 = sha224Of("abc");
writeln(hash224); // digest!SHA224("abc")

ubyte[32] hash256 = sha256Of("abc");
writeln(hash256); // digest!SHA256("abc")

ubyte[48] hash384 = sha384Of("abc");
writeln(hash384); // digest!SHA384("abc")

ubyte[64] hash512 = sha512Of("abc");
writeln(hash512); // digest!SHA512("abc")

ubyte[28] hash512_224 = sha512_224Of("abc");
writeln(hash512_224); // digest!SHA512_224("abc")

ubyte[32] hash512_256 = sha512_256Of("abc");
writeln(hash512_256); // digest!SHA512_256("abc")
alias SHA1Digest = std.digest.digest.WrapperDigest!(SHA!(512u, 160u)).WrapperDigest;

alias SHA224Digest = std.digest.digest.WrapperDigest!(SHA!(512u, 224u)).WrapperDigest;

alias SHA256Digest = std.digest.digest.WrapperDigest!(SHA!(512u, 256u)).WrapperDigest;

alias SHA384Digest = std.digest.digest.WrapperDigest!(SHA!(1024u, 384u)).WrapperDigest;

alias SHA512Digest = std.digest.digest.WrapperDigest!(SHA!(1024u, 512u)).WrapperDigest;

alias SHA512_224Digest = std.digest.digest.WrapperDigest!(SHA!(1024u, 224u)).WrapperDigest;

alias SHA512_256Digest = std.digest.digest.WrapperDigest!(SHA!(1024u, 256u)).WrapperDigest;
OOP API SHA1 and SHA2 implementations. See std.digest.digest for differences between template and OOP API.
This is an alias for std.digest.digest.WrapperDigest!SHA1, see there for more information.
Examples:
//Simple example, hashing a string using Digest.digest helper function
auto sha = new SHA1Digest();
ubyte[] hash = sha.digest("abc");
//Let's get a hash string
writeln(toHexString(hash)); // "A9993E364706816ABA3E25717850C26C9CD0D89D"

//The same, but using SHA-224
auto sha224 = new SHA224Digest();
ubyte[] hash224 = sha224.digest("abc");
//Let's get a hash string
writeln(toHexString(hash224)); // "23097D223405D8228642A477BDA255B32AADBCE4BDA0B3F7E36C9DA7"
Examples:
//Let's use the OOP features:
void test(Digest dig)
{
  dig.put(cast(ubyte)0);
}
auto sha = new SHA1Digest();
test(sha);

//Let's use a custom buffer:
ubyte[20] buf;
ubyte[] result = sha.finish(buf[]);
writeln(toHexString(result)); // "5BA93C9DB0CFF93F52B521D7420E43F6EDA2784F"