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IntroductionThe dlang.org/install.sh script is the official D version manager for DMD, GDC and LDC on POSIX environmnents (FreeBSD, Linux, macOS, and POSIX-like environments for Windows, such as CygWin and MSys2). It provides a convenient way to fetch and install a D compiler without requiring administrative privileges nor external dependencies. Its features include:
- Maintaining one or more portable compiler installations in the user's home directory (~/dlang)
- Maintaining the latest stable version of the D package manager, dub
- Self-updating via ~/dlang/install.sh update
- Supporting nested activation of compilers. Activating a compiler will setup the PATH, LIBRARY_PATH, LD_LIBRARY_PATH, DMD, DC, PS1 environment variables, and a deactivate command, which reverts the modified variables to their old values.
- Supporting the Fish shell, in addition to Bash-compatible shells.
- Verifying binary signatures via the D keyring (automatic if gpg is installed)
- For dmd, installation of the following versions is supported:
- dmd - latest stable version
- dmd-beta - latest beta version
- dmd-nightly - the latest nightly release
- dmd-<version> - specific official release (including beta releases)
- dmd-branch - experimental compiler branches
- For ldc, installation of the following versions is supported:
- ldc - latest stable version
- ldc-beta - latest beta version
- ldc-latest-ci - latest build version (built on every commit to master by CIs)
- ldc-<version> - specific official release (including beta releases)
- For gdc, installation of the following versions is supported:
- gdc - latest stable version
mkdir -p ~/dlang && wget https://dlang.org/install.sh -O ~/dlang/install.shAlternatively, the script can be invoked directly:
curl https://dlang.org/install.sh | bash -s
If no arguments are provided, the latest DMD compiler will be installed.
The installer also makes a copy of itself at ~/dlang/install.sh.
~/dlang/install.sh [<command>] [<args>]
- -p --path
- Changes the install location (default ~/dlang)
- Activates more verbose output
- Displays a help page
~/dlang/install.sh install <compiler>Download and install a D compiler. By default the latest release of the DMD compiler is selected.
- -a --activate
- Only prints the path to the activate script
- Installs the latest version of a compiler
- Installs a specific version of a compiler (e.g. dmd-2.071.1, ldc-1.1.0-beta2)
- Installs the latest beta version of a compiler
- Installs DMD nightly
- Installs specific DMD nightly
~/dlang/install.sh ~/dlang/install.sh dmd ~/dlang/install.sh install dmd ~/dlang/install.sh install dmd-2.071.1 ~/dlang/install.sh install ldc-1.1.0-beta2 ~/dlang/install.sh install dmd-beta ~/dlang/install.sh install dmd-nightlyOnce a compiler is installed, it can be activated for the current session. Run the respective activate script in a shell to use a compiler by default:
source ~/dlang/<installed-compiler>/activateThis will setup the PATH, LIBRARY_PATH, LD_LIBRARY_PATH, DMD, DC, and PS1 environment variables. It's also possible to combine this into one command:
source $(~/dlang/install.sh dmd -a)The activated compiler can be removed from the current session by restoring the previous environment:
deactivateAlternatively, it is also possible to call the compiler binary directly. Note that the exact path varies between the compiler vendors:
~/dlang/<installed-dmd-compiler>/bin64/dmd ~/dlang/<installed-ldc-compiler>/ldc2Users of the Fish shell can activate.fish:
~/dlang/install.sh uninstall <compiler>
~/dlang/install.sh uninstall dmd ~/dlang/install.sh uninstall dmd-2.071.1 ~/dlang/install.sh uninstall ldc-1.1.0-beta2